Prostate Cancer



The prostate is a male gland the size of a small walnut that generates seminal fluid, which nourishes and carries sperm. It is located beneath the bladder and encircles the urethra.


One of the most common types of cancer among men is prostate cancer. It is unknown what causes prostate cancer. It starts when cells begin to expand in an unregulated manner.


Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are limited to the prostate gland, where they may not cause significant harm. Some varieties, however, are aggressive and can spread quickly, necessitating medical intervention.


Symptoms


Prostate cancer that is contained within the gland may not produce any symptoms; nevertheless, advanced prostate cancer may produce symptoms. These signs and symptoms include:

Common symptoms

  • Difficulty urinating, especially at night

  • Urine flow is reduced when you urinate

  • Sudden need to urinate

  • Dribbling urine after you finish urinating

Advanced prostate cancer symptoms

  • Blood in the urine or semen

  • Bone pain such as hip pain or back pain

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Erectile dysfunction

Risk factors

  • Age above 50 – The risk of prostate cancer rises with age

  • Family history – A family history of prostate cancer can increase the risk

  • Obesity – Obesity increases your chance of prostate cancer.

Prevention


There is no specific way to prevent prostate cancer, but there are some things you can do to reduce your risk, such as:

  • Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables to improve your overall health

  • Stay physically active and exercise to improve your overall health, which helps you maintain a healthy weight

Early detection of prostate cancer


Screening is the most effective approach to screen for prostate cancer. Every man over the age of 45 should begin testing for prostate-specific antigen on a yearly basis (PSA).

The digital rectal exam is another test that can be used to diagnose prostate cancer (DRE). The doctor will physically examine the patient by inserting a finger into the rectum to feel the prostate gland.

Early testing can aid in the detection of cancer in its early stages, when it is more treatable.


Treatment


Not every man who is diagnosed with prostate cancer receives treatment. It all relies on a variety of factors, including:

  • Your age

  • The stage of the cancer

  • Any other major health conditions

  • Life expectancy

It is essential to explore treatment choices with your doctor, who will undoubtedly be able to assist you in making your decision. It is also critical to share your health status and treatment options with your partner, who can be there for you every step of the journey.

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